Ans. Delimitation Commission
Under Article 82 of the Constitution, the Parliament by law enacts a Delimitation
Act after every census. After coming into force commencement of the Act,
the Central Government constitutes a Delimitation Commission. This Delimitation
Commission demarcates the boundaries of the Parliamentary Constituencies
as per provisions of the Delimitation Act. The present delimitation of constituencies
has been done on the basis of 2001 census figures under the provisions
of Delimitation Act, 2002. Notwithstanding the above, the Constitution
of India was specifically amended in 2002 not to have delimitation of constituencies
till the first census after 2026. Thus, the present Constituencies carved out on
the basis of 2001 census shall continue to be in operation till the
first census after 2026 .
Ans. Population of the State
Population is the basis of allocation of seats of the Lok Sabha. As far
as possible, every State gets representation in the Lok Sabha in proportion
to its population as per census figures.
In Lok Sabha there is reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled
Tribes. Here also census figures are taken into account.
Ans. Allocation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the Lok Sabha
are made on the basis of proportion of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the
State concerned to that of the total population, vide provision contained
in Article 330 of the Constitution of India read with Section 3 of the R.
P. Act, 1950.
For Scheduled Castes, 84 seats are reserved in Lok Sabha. The 1st schedule
to Representation of People Act, 1950 as amended vide Representation of People
(Amendment) Act , 2008 gives the Statewise breakup.
For Scheduled Tribes, 47 seats are reserved in Lok Sabha. The 1st schedule
to R. P. Act, 1950 as amended vide Representation of People
(Amendment) Act , 2008 gives the Statewise break up.
Ans. The following States and Union Territories have one seat each in the
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
There are 28 states in India viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam,
Bihar, Jharkhand, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir,
Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya,
Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura,
Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and West Bengal.
There are 7 Union Territories in India. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh,
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep and Pondicherry.
Out of the 7 Union Territories, only Delhi and Pondicherry have Legislative
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